Just when you think you knew the Caribbean…there’s something new to discover. How many of these interesting facts about the Caribbean did you already know?
Aqui estão 10 strange but totally awesome facts that will make you want to pack your bags and head to the Caribbean faster than you can say “cocos”!
1. Only about 2% of Caribbean islands are actually inhabited.
There are thousands of Caribbean islands– finalmente 7,000 para ser exato. Contudo, most are uninhabited. tem 28 Nações do caribe– 13 sovereign countries and 12 dependent territories. A partir de 2019, sobre 44 million people live in the Caribbean region.
2. 75% of the Caribbean population lives on just 2 ilhas.
Most of the population of the Caribbean lives in the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Haiti. Since Haiti and the Dominican Republic share the island of Hispaniola, that means that 75% of Caribbeans (sobre 30 million people) live on just 2 ilhas.
3. The first place Columbus set foot upon in the New World was a Caribbean island.
Ao contrário do pensamento popular, Columbus didn’t “descobrir” America. Plenty of people already lived there. além do que, além do mais, he never actually went to North America. During his four voyages to the New World, he visited several Caribbean islands. The first was San Salvador, now part of the modern-day Bahamas. He also explored the coasts of Central and South America.
além disso, Columbus mistakenly called the Caribbean the “Indies”, thinking he had reached the East Indies. The region is sometimes referred to as the “West Indies” hoje.
4. The Caribbean is divided into 4 island groups.
The Caribbean islands are divided into four groups according to their general location. These four island groups are as follows: the Greater Antilles, Leeward Islands, Leeward Antilles and the Windward Islands. Here are the Caribbean countries that belong to each group:
- The Greater Antilles: Ilhas Cayman, Cuba, Haiti, República Dominicana, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
- As Ilhas de Sotavento: Anguilla, Antígua & Barbuda, Ilhas Virgens Britânicas, Guadalupe, Montserrat, saint Martin, Saba, Saint Eustatius, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis, and U.S. Ilhas Virgens.
- The Leeward Antilles (also known as the ABC islands): Aruba, Curacao, e Bonaire
- As Ilhas Windward: Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Santa Lúcia, Saint Vincent & The Grenadines, and Trinidad & Tobago.
Want to visit several islands at once during your trip to the Caribbean? Read our guide to island hopping in the Caribbean here.
5. Some Caribbean countries are not islands.
For a country to be considered “Caribbean”, it must have a coast on the Caribbean Sea or be associated with the Caribbean region through its cultural or political history. Por causa disso, Belize, Suriname, and Guyana are technically located in South America, but consider themselves Caribbean countries.
além do que, além do mais, Venezuela is a member of CARICOM, a Caribbean community established in 1972 to promote cooperation between Caribbean countries. Guiana, Venezuela, and Belize are also current members of the Caribbean Tourism Organization.
6. The most widely spoken language in the Caribbean isn’t English.
De acordo com um 2001 Censo, 62% of Caribbean inhabitants speak Spanish as their first language. Only about 15% speak English. Contudo, you’ll probably hear at least basic English in areas that are popular with tourists. This is because English is the unofficial “language of tourism”. além do que, além do mais, the overwhelming majority of visitors that the Caribbean receives each year are from the United States.
7. The Caribbean is home to active volcanoes.
One of the most overlooked facts about the Caribbean is that it is home to many active volcanoes. Although many people associate volcanic activity with Pacific islands, there are plenty of volcanoes in the Caribbean, both active and dormant. De fato, Soufriere Hills in Montserrat is one of the most active volcanoes in the entire world.
Most Caribbean volcanoes lie in the Lesser Antilles. There are five on Dominica, four in Grenada, and four in Saint Lucia. In total, há 19 live volcanoes in the Caribbean. “Live” does not necessarily mean that they currently erupt with any frequency, but rather that they are likely to erupt again at some point.
8. The Caribbean boasts both pink and black sand beaches.
Pink and black sand? How is that even possible? Pink sand comes from tiny broken pieces of coral and shells, e partículas de carbonato de cálcio à esquerda por foraminífero. Foraminíferos são organismos sem casca vermelho e rosa microscópicos que vivem em torno recifes de coral. There are several incredible praias de areia rosa in various Caribbean countries.
Por outro lado, black sand is formed from volcanic activity. Although black sand is incredibly striking, it tends to get a bit hotter than light-colored sand. You can find praias de areia preta on the Caribbean islands on which volcanoes are located.
9. There’s more to do in the Caribbean than swimming and snorkeling.
You probably didn’t realize that some Caribbean islands have mountainous regions and jungles. Some islands are so varied in their topography that you can be on the beach one minute, and in the jungle the next.
Por causa disso, things like caminhada e tirolesa are some often overlooked activities that you can enjoy during your Caribbean vacation. além do que, além do mais, some Caribbean countries feature Mayan ruins deep in the jungle, just waiting to be explored.
Além disso– don’t miss the opportunity to see exotic wildlife on your trip! The flora and fauna of the Caribbean is incredibly varied, due to the large number of uninhabited islands and areas. De fato, a smallest lizard in the world lives in the Caribbean. Through ecotourism, you can explore the wonders of Caribbean nature safely and responsibly. Learn more about Caribbean ecotourism here.
10. A famous tomb with “mover os caixões” is located in the Caribbean.
On the island of Barbados, you can pay a visit to Chase Vault, a tomb famous for its “haunted” caixões. It may not be the first thing you would think about visiting when traveling in the Caribbean, but it’s worth checking out if you’re ever in Barbados. o peculiar story and possible explanations as to why the coffins moved from their positions is worth reading, também!
Enjoyed these facts about the Caribbean? Confira 10 Fatos interessantes sobre o Mar do Caribe!
Imagem principal: trunk Bay, São João (Fonte: Travel Channel)
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