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If you’ve seen one Caribbean island, you’ve seen them all…destra? Sbagliato! The Caribbean region is incredibly diverse in many areas: topography, population, and wildlife to name a few. Even if you’ve paid a visit to one or more islands, we’re certain you won’t have heard of at least a few of the strange things on our list:
1. Black and pink sand beaches
White sand, golden sand, brown sand…you’ve seen it all. But did you know that the Caribbean is home to some black and pink sand beaches?
Black sand forms because of volcanic activity. Black sand beaches can be dark gray to black, depending on the percentage of volcanic material. They only exist on volcanic islands like Montserrat, Saba, Dominica, Grenada, and Martinique.
Pink sand beaches, d'altro canto, get their color from foraminifera. Foraminiferi sono microscopici organismi rossi e rosa sgusciati che vivono nei pressi di barriere coralline. They leave millions of tiny calcium carbonate particles on the seashore, giving the sand a pinkish hue.
Il loveliest pink sand beaches in the Caribbean are located in Barbados, Bermuda, e le Bahamas.
2. The most peaceful border in the world
The dual-nation island of St. Martin is home to two countries that share the world’s most peaceful border. French Saint Martin and Dutch Sint Maarten may have differences in language and culture, but they get along like peanut butter and jelly. Citizens from both countries can drive or walk across the other side without as much as a passport check. It’s no wonder St. Martin is called “L'isola-friendly”!
3. Bays with glowing water
Ci sono solo circa 5 “si illuminano al buio” baie del mondo intero, four of which are located in the Caribbean. Three can be found in Puerto Rico. Sono Mosquito Bay, che si dice essere il più grande e più brillanti, Laguna Grande, e La Parguera. The fourth Caribbean “glowing bay” is called Luminous Lagoon and is located in Jamaica.
All these are classified as bioluminescent bays, in which large numbers of tiny single-celled microorganisms calleddinoflagellati glow when disturbed. Moving the water around by swimming in it or splashing it with a kayak paddle creates visible light!
The reason why there are so few bioluminescent bays is because environmental and human factors have reduced the number of dinoflagellates in the water. Inoltre, the ones that still exist are in danger. Così, if you want to see one, you had better head to the Caribbean asap!
4. A cute but venomous rodent called the solenodon
The solenodon is so rare, it was even thought to be extinct at one point. It lives only on Cuba and the island of Hispaniola. It looks something like a guinea pig with a long nose, smells like a goat, and can’t jump. As an omnivore, it eats almost everything, including insects, birds, and small mammals.
These strange shrew-like creatures may look cute– but watch out! They have a venomous bite and can inject poison with their teeth, just like snakes. This is an extremely rare trait for a mammal.
Principale di credito immagine: Wikimedia Commons
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